Late in 1859 the National Rifle Association (NRA) was formed and its aims included "the encouragement of Volunteer Rifle Corps and the promotion of rifle shooting throughout Great Britain." The NRA held their first rifle meeting on Wimbledon common in 1860 and with royal patronage and the daily papers and weekly-illustrated journals reporting widely on events, the 'Wimbledon fortnight' was marked for success.

Note that the NRA has a microsite that contains all the records they hold on the main International Matches since they commenced.